Exams are now terrifyingly close, and to perform well, you need to be in the right exam mindset. Improving your outlook, however, is often more complicated than you would think.
Before we discuss how you can get the right mindset, let us consider what a poor one might look like.
Do you have the wrong exam mindset?
Do the exams trigger your freeze response? That probably means that you obsess over things outside of your control.
It is no secret that the IB exams are extremely tough. As a result, many students put excessive pressure on themselves to do well or worry about passing.
The trouble is that too much pressure hinders high performance. This seems like a paradox! You want to do well, so you pressure yourself, decreasing your chances of success.
Part of having the right exam mindset is having confidence in your study techniques. The first three tips will evaluate different study techniques, so you can confidently apply the best ones!
The first technique we will look at is cramming.
Exam Mindset Tip 1: Use Effective Cramming Techniques
The limitations of cramming
Teachers and tutors, myself included, often warn against cramming, even though studies have shown that it works.
We still caution against this way of studying because information only stays for a few days. The title of this article from the Washington Post explains it well:
“Cramming may help for next-day exams. But for long-term memory, spacing out study is what works.”
If you, despite this knowledge, still have to cram, here is how to do it right:
If you cram anyway, you might as well do it right
The way memory works limits the amount of information you can cram. Hence, the key to getting the most out of it is to be strategic about what you memorise using this technique.
Some things are okay to cram. Formulae outside your data booklet and quotes are good to revise using this method.
Smaller pieces of information are easy to memorise with mnemonic devices, which we have explained in this post. See the image below for an example from HL Chemistry.
Exam Mindset Tip 2: Do Not Re-read
Re-reading is the most popular revision method out there. It feels like you are getting a bunch done, but that could not be further from the truth!
Many students think they must re-read their textbook to guarantee they have covered everything in the syllabus. The only thing that re-reading guarantees, however, is burnout. If you struggle with burnout, this post has some advice on how to cope with that.
Callendar et al. ran a series of experiments on re-reading, concluding that re-reading led to no significant improvement in test scores. So, what should you do instead?
Exam Mindset Tip 3: Harness the Magic of Active Recall
Active recall has been the buzzword in learning techniques, and with good reason! Studies have repeatedly demonstrated that active recall is one of the most effective study techniques.
The key to utilising active recall is recalling memory to answer questions. When you actively retrieve information from your long-term memory, it becomes easier to remember the next time you need it.
For you as an IB student, that means past papers and flashcards. A fun way of practising active recall is by making puzzles for yourself, which works exceptionally well for sciences.
A lack of active recall is why re-reading and watching YouTube videos works so poorly! You do not actively recall any information; you just hope to absorb it through some kind of non-existent brain osmosis.
Exam Mindset Tip 4: Sleeping is Revising
A typical symptom of having the wrong exam mindset is thinking you must pull an all-nighter to do more revision. However, sleeping is an essential part of revision itself.
While awake, you actively form new brain connections (by using active recall). While sleeping, you do another important thing called memory consolidation.
Memory consolidation works by reactivating those new neural connections you formed during the day. This consolidation process strengthens them and improves your memory of what you just learnt.
That means that if you have learnt something new during revision, you should sleep on it to make it stick! However, the role of sleep on memory does not end there!
You learn new things during sleep
You can also learn entirely new things while you sleep. I am not talking about hypnopedia, where people listen to their notes while asleep. They based this study technique (almost) entirely on fiction.
In reality, the brain learns new things while sleeping by making new synaptic connections between things you already know. NCBI explains it like so:
“(Sleep) seems to play a role in linking related memories, sometimes in unexpected ways. That is why a full night of sleep may help with problem-solving.”
So, if you have a problem you cannot solve, the age-old saying “sleep on it” is true! If you sleep on a maths problem you could not solve, you might be able to solve it the next day just by sleeping.
The takeaway? Sleeping is integral to your revision; you must not skip it for the world!
Exam Mindset Tip 5: Eat Healthier Food
Anyone that has been hangry can tell you that food affects mindset. From personal experience, I lose all my focus when I am hungry – not ideal for studying! The question then becomes, can you just eat anything to stay energised?
What should you eat?
Your brain represents about 2% of your body weight, yet it uses 20% of the food you ingest. Therefore, you must be careful with the fuel you put into it.
Studies have linked foods that you would generally consider unhealthy (e.g., burgers and fries) with poorer cognitive function.
Foods we generally recognise as healthier (chickpea salads and co.), on the other hand, lead to better memory. Adieu, takeout and frozen pizzas, hello veggies!
Eating healthy food can become CAS!
Eating healthier food means that you need to cook it yourself. You can choose to see this as an excellent opportunity for CAS! Learning a new skill, such as cooking, is perfect CAS!
For more CAS ideas, check out this post.
Exam Mindset Tip 6: Know Where to Find Your Resources
A colossal stressor can be not knowing what resources you should use for revision. Nothing is worse than knowing you should be doing maths but not knowing where to start.
First, you should make sure you know how to use your calculator. Read this post on preparing for the maths exams. But what about the other subjects?
3 Tips on Finding Revision Resources
- Check out our free guides on almost every subject. They are jam-packed with gold nuggets of information and written by our talented tutors, who all got the highest marks in their subjects. For example our Beginner Guide to the IB Program.
- Our YouTube channel has some great videos you can look at for your revision. From psychology to maths, there should be something for you to check out!
- Ask your teacher or tutor. They will have heaps of past papers for you to plough through. Remember that older past papers might ask questions that are no longer part of the syllabus!
Exam Mindset Tip 7: Gather Some Motivation
Sometimes, all you need is a little motivation. If your exam mindset has taken a hit and you are wondering what the point of it all is, remember what you will get out of it in the end!
The IB Diploma is one of the most renowned and respected programmes. Because of that, university admission will be a breeze for you compared to most other people.
Others have survived the IB before you
A great source of motivation can be hearing from the people that have already come out the other side. In this post, you can read anecdotes from past IB students.
Remember that countless others have already made it. You can do it too! You just need to power through this last little while! It is the home stretch now.
You can also check out what 45-point student Asha had to say and the advice she would give current IB students.
Final words before heading into the exams
On behalf of everyone at Lanterna, I want to congratulate you all on getting to the exams! Remember to be proud of everything you have done and all the hours of work that you have completed.
You must be kind to yourself to have a good exam mindset. Take a moment to clap yourself on the shoulder and be proud of your hard work! We are proud of every single DP2 student who has made it this far.